## Tuesday, December 30, 2014

### A Ball Roll Race

Belonging to a group that studies lessons has it's advantages. At least once a semester we work on a lesson for my class. In our pre-planning meeting I brought a few ideas of lessons that I really wanted to lesson study to see where we could take them. I proposed Barbie bungee, cup rolls, factoring and expanding quadratics and ....

These all got shut down as everyone said I already do these lessons and they wanted something fresh.

We came up with a ball roll race. This lesson was designed for grade 10 applied math in Ontario. Here is how it went down.

Day 1
Students spent some time white boarding some questions that reviewed similar triangles, sum of squares (Pythagorean theorem) and right angled trigonometry. In the last forty minutes of the class I created visible random groups (5 groups of three students) and gave the groups a piece of wood (all 5 groups had different lengths ) that they were to physically create into a three degree ramp. At my school we have a hallway that is inclined at 3 degrees for well over 11 meters-this would be where the ball roll race would occur.

Once groups started to create their ramps they immediately said "I guess we need to know the length of our ramp." Groups asked for measuring tools which I provided. They also asked for books to build up one end of their ramp. Once they felt they had it I came and measured the angle of their ramp with the blackboard protractor. (Really wish I had taken some photos of this. Groups either went back to the drawing board or they had a three degree ramp) Groups then put their ramps and the books they would need for the next day to rebuild their ramps in the corner of the room. Here is some of the whiteboard work the groups did to figure out height needed for the ramp to be 3 degrees. This part went well-some groups needed to adjust the heights as they just went to the top of the books not the top of the piece of wood.

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Day 2
To start I asked all students to guess too low, too high, and best guess for each of the balls to roll down the 11 meter ramp. Here is a sample.
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Students collected data for time and distance for each of the five balls. The five balls were a basketball, a red dodge ball, a large marble, a bocci ball and a tennis ball . Here they are.
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Students collected multiple data points of time for each distance up the ramp. I suggested at least four different distances. If they measured the time multiple times they could average the times for each distance. Groups collected data for the period.

I anticipated a problem here. I felt that if we were fixing the distances and asking the students to measure the times we would be looking for trouble. Since we are measuring time it would be dependent and distance would be independent and we wanted this reversed for a quadratic relation.
So....I decided to create the data collection sheet for them. Here is what I came up with.

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I was hoping that this would prevent any confusion. I was clearly worried about the correct answer versus student thinking. I should have let the students record their data anyway they wanted. Here are some pictures of students collecting data.

Day 3
This was the day that my lesson study peers observed. Groups were given their data back and were told that they were to model and calculate how long it would take each ball to roll down an 11 meter ramp. Groups worked on whiteboards (VNPS). The groups strategies were varied.

Here is the rundown and the work. Time was tight. If this had not been a lesson study I would have given groups more time to work on their solutions.

Group #1 Chose quadratic relations. Never got to a time for the 11 meter race.

Group #2 Chose a strategy that I am not sure about. They did not get to a solution for each ball for the 11 meter race.
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Group #3 Chose quadratic relations. Never got to a time for the 11 meter race.
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Group #4 Chose a linear relation. They used time as the dependent variable and distance as the independent variable.

Group #5 This group tried proportional reasoning first.

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Then they realized that the speed of the ball was not constant so they went to quadratics. Did not quite get all the times - almost.
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So at this point we had about 30 minutes left. I then assigned each person in each group the letter A, B or C. So what I had was A1, B1, C1     A2, B2, C2     A3, B3, C3      A4, B4, C4        A5, B5, C5.
I then ordered all the A's to one whiteboard solution, all the B's to another whiteboard solution and finally all the C's to another whiteboard solution (3 groups of 5). Groups of 5 would then rotate around the room to look at solutions - at each board there would be someone in their group who worked on it and would be able to explain the group's thinking.

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Before they started I handed each student a Keep It or Trade It sheet. They would fill this in as they observed each solution. Here is what the handout looked like.

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Once each student was comfortable with their sheet I asked them to put their rank order of the balls in the race on a whiteboard. I also encouraged the teachers observing to commit. Here is what the board looked like.

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Early in the day I surveyed my grade 12 class about the race. Here were their thoughts.
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And then it was time for the race. Here is what the situation looked like.

Here are two links to the actual race.
Video One
Video Two

The next day I put all the data into a table.
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Students did a linear and quadratic regression and we calculated the times for each ball based on these models. We then went back to the 11 meter ramp and measured the time for each ball. Here was the table and the final times.

Thought I would throw it out to twitter to see what kind of interest I would get - very little.

My only regret is that students were not given more time to flush out their ideas and come up with a calculated time for each ball. Covered lots of curriculum - proportional reasoning, trigonometry, linear relations, quadratic relations. Covered lots of mathematical processes - communication, representing, connecting, problem solving, reasoning, selecting tools.

I would love to hear your thoughts.
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#### 1 comment:

1. Oysters!. Great great post. Very illustrative. I have to do it in my class.

On the other hand, how do you threat the curriculum? With problem based activities? How do you assure you cover all the curriculum? What if none of the students minded quadratic formula? How did you suggest that?